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Meteorology and Space Science

    Meteorology and Space Science
    Please answer the questions (Answer with your own words. No plagiarise)

    • What is science?
    • How does science progress?
    • What is the fundamental basis for science?
    • What is a scientific hypothesis?
    • What is a scientific theory?
    • Describe the science of meteorology.
    • Explain the difference between weather and climate.
    • List the most important elements of weather and climate.
    • List the major and variable components in air.
    • Describe the extent and structure of the atmosphere.
    • Describe how the atmosphere is heated.
    • Explain the causes of the seasons.
    • List the factors that cause temperature to vary from place to place.
    • Describe the general distribution of global surface temperatures.
    • List the processes that cause water to change from one of state of matter to another
    • Explain saturation, vapor pressure, mixing ratio, relative humidity, and dew point.
    • Describe how relative humidity is determined.
    • Explain the basic cloud-forming process.
    • List the processes that initiate the vertical movement of air.
    • Describe stable and unstable air.
    • Discuss the conditions necessary for condensation.
    • List the criteria used to classify clouds.
    • Describe the formation of fog.
    • Discuss the formation and forms of precipitation.
    • Describe air pressure, how it is measured, and how it changes with altitude
    • Explain how the pressure gradient force, Coriolis Effect, and friction influence wind.
    • Describe the movements of air associated with the two types of pressure centers.
    • Describe the idealized global patterns of pressure and wind.
    • Discuss the general atmospheric circulation in the mid-latitudes.
    • List the names and causes of the major local winds.
    • Describe El Niño/La Niña and the global distribution of precipitation.