predicting human behavior
1. Hawking concludes, “So as we cannot predict human behavior, we may as well adopt the effective theory that human beings are free agents who can choose what to do” (914). What does Hawking mean by this statement? What are its practical implications?
2. Does Woolf explicitly state a thesis? In your view, what is her “main point,” or her argument?
3. Although Hawking writes a scientific essay while Woolf writes a literary essay, do their arguments have any relation
also i want you to write short feed back on this
In the composition titled “Is everything determined” Stephen Hawkins has highlighted the aspect of a very basic debate in the fields of not only the scientists but also common man-regarding our origin and the God! In this composition, the author has brought in the Grand Unified Theory “or the “Theory of Everything “, that is supposed to define and account for every occurrence of every event in the universe, starting for its origin to the publication of Madonna’s picture on the front cover of a magazine. While categorically analyzing the credibility of the theory, Hawkins raises a couple f very important questions. For example, the author states that if everything is predetermined then a robber who robs a bank is doing a pre determined function and he should not be punished, since it was not his responsibility. He questions that if God is omnipotent and has designed everything, and then why do humans have a free will? Is the free will an illusion? Why does it allow to make decision since if everything is predetermined, there is no pointy in making decisions. To fortify his logic even more, he has brought in the concept of Quantum mechanics which states that both the motion and the direction of a particle cannot be known at the same instant of time. It is interesting to not how the author has thrown light on the aspect of using examples of origin of the Universe and the formation of a living molecule. In this context, the author has mentioned that as human beings have a free will, so they do have a right to behave differently and it is unpredictable. These “fallacies “fallacies “ which stand in the way of the grand unified theory or the theory of everything does question the existence of God as we understand , since if an has a free will, he has a free will to behave which is unpredictable and possibly it can be best explained by considering the aspect of adaptation to changes in the environment which allows man to choose instead of being programmed robots.The practical implications is that man should work towards his own achievement and not depend on any predetermined solution of life since there does not exist any.
2. I don’t think that Woolf’ S composition has a well defined thesis although it highlights a very fundamental aspect of life – that is inevitability of death. I believe that in this composition, the author initially has made a beautiful description of the countryside, the climate, and all other associated factors that makes it a peaceful ambience. But in the middle of that, without a warning, she finds death gradually coming in a d terminating the life of the moth which was seen fluttering a few minutes ago by the author. Thus the main pint highlighted in the composition is the inevitability of death and it is perhaps the only pre determined thing that influences life, whether be it a moth or a human being.
3. Although Hawkins compose scientific essays while that of Woolf writes a literary ones , I believe they both deal with the facts of uncertaininty in human life and as well as the universe. Although they are unable to produce or provide proper answers for them, they enquire about the predetermined and the non determined fates, the ability of man or other creatures to make their own ways of life. Yet if e go though Woolf’s essay, the aspect of predetermination in death becomes very evident and beyond doubt.
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