The European Union’s Court of Justice has sought to balance between free trade within the European Union and the need to respect the autonomy of the member states. The Court of Justice has used articles 30 TFEU and article 110 TFEU in order to achieve this end (Akkermans, 2013). This paper seeks to explore how the Court of Justice has employed the two articles in its attempt to promote free trade in the Union while at the same time respect the independence of the target countries and protect the local businesses within them. Indeed the Court of justice has been able to address concerns about the issues arising from trade by applying the two articles. Several disputes have already been decided upon by the court with some cases still ongoing (Larobina & Pate, 2011).